DIY Standing Desk: Choosing The Right Base Frame
Planning to build a sit-to-stand desk or treadmill desk with your own desktop lumber? There are some great options available. We’ll take you through the pluses and minuses of each model.
The Cost of Building a Quality Stand Up Desk
Understandably, DIY’ers are always looking to find the lowest cost option for any components they need to buy versus make. In the case of electric height-adjustable bases, spending a little more, as a rule of thumb, is going to buy you a quieter, faster, heavier-lifting, more reliable desk base, a longer warranty period, and a longer “stroke” (total distance between the lowest and highest desk setting, ideal for taller users).
Bottom-end models will run you around $250 to $450 plus shipping, all made in China. Factory warranties among these units will run anywhere from one year to two years, though some resellers in the US will tack on their own longer coverage periods, up to seven years for Jarvis and UpLift—both based on the Jiecang base—with StandDesk offering an aggressive 10 years to try to be competitive with American-made standing desk frames. New contender the lightweight iMovR Studio 470 base ($329) is perfect for light duty compact workstations, with minimalist features but boasting ANSI/BIFMA certification and a 5 year warranty on the mechanical works.
More advanced models—typically made in the USA, Europe, or Taiwan—feature higher transit speeds, tighter manufacturing tolerances, quieter motors, nicer hand sets, better collision detection and a greater range of adjustability. These will typically run you anywhere from $480 to $850. Warranties on American-made bases tend to be ten years, a reflection of how long they’re likely to work trouble-free compared to the cheaper Chinese frames. These include the highly popular iMovR Freedom and iMovR Lander DIY bases.
American and European-made bases are also likely to be more stable, and to stay more stable over time compared to their wobblier Chinese brethren. To better understand the many factors that enter into the stability equation, from the length and weight of the feet to the precision manufacturing of the “glides” separating the tubes of the lifting columns, see our primer on Why Some Standing Desks Shake More Than Others.
These separately-sold standing desk bases all use telescoping crossbars to accommodate different desktop widths with ease, in addition to being height adjustable.
Calculating the Lift Capacity You Will Need
Make sure to weigh or calculate the weight of the tabletop you plan to use, and remember to subtract this weight from the lifting capacity of the base to determine how much desktop equipment it’ll really be able to lift. If you’re planning to make a very thick tabletop, or make one out of stone or a heavy hardwood, this is a step you definitely do not want to skip. Understanding side loading issues is also crucial, so be sure to review our article How Much Lifting Capacity Ratings Really Matter.
Also note: If you’re planning to go beyond a 59″ desktop width on the tabletop, make sure it is at least 1″ thick in order to avoid warping of the tabletop and increased side loading on the actuator motors (lifting legs). You can learn all about different desktop options like HPL, 3D-laminate, powder coat, natural wood, reclaimed wood and engineered wood like bamboo in our primer on Desk Tops for Standing Desks | The Ultimate Guide.
Special Considerations for Under-Desk Treadmill Users
If you’re thinking of adding an under desk treadmill to your workstation, you’ll probably want to avoid the Chinese-made bases as they are highly unstable at greater height settings, and adding a treadmill base underfoot will raise your height by 5″ – 6″. As the desk rises, the telescoping leg segments reach a point where there is little overlap. At this point, the base’s lateral shakiness increases to the point of annoyance. You don’t want to be anywhere near the top of the height range on this base, if you care about stability. To make matters worse, typing speed and accuracy tend to go down as the desk gets shakier. If you add a monitor on a monitor arm, and/or an under-desk keyboard tray (which you should for best ergonomic posture), the shakiness will be amplified further.
Better to stick with premium American-made bases that offer 6″ leg extensions, such as the iMovR Lander and Freedom bases (below) to compensate for the treadmill deck’s height.
Add-on Options to Consider
Same as with a full desk, you might want to adding caster wheels or cable management kits to your order. iMovR offers these caster wheel sets in two different threading size versions, to match with all of their desk bases and well as most of the others on the market. iMovR also offers a basic and advanced cable management kit that’ll work with any height-adjustable desk (read our review including an instructional video on how to tidy up all your spaghetti cords).
Step-by-Step Guide to Building a DIY Standing Desk
Now that you’ve chosen your base and top, you can start building your own DIY standing desk. While each base is assembled a bit differently, these general directions will give you an idea of how it’s done.
- Step 1: Pick the location for your desk. Instead of having to move your desk once it’s been built, pick a spot that is suitable for your needs in terms of space and lighting to start building your future workstation.
- Step 2: Prepare your tools. Usually, you’ll need only a set of Allen wrenches (or “hex keys” included with your base) and a Phillips-head screwdriver. If you are using a custom top, you’ll also need a drill and wood or machine screws (depending on the top).
- Step 3: Read the installation manual for your base carefully. Remove all the parts from the packaging and arrange them for assembly.
- Step 4: Place your desktop face down on a soft surface to make sure it doesn’t scratch.
- Step 5: Start assembling the legs by attaching the crossbars and the feet to the legs.
- Step 6: Once the legs are assembled, place them on top of your desktop and align the crossbars with the pre-drilled holes on the underside of the top. If your top doesn’t have pre-drilled holes, you will need to drill them yourself before attaching the base.
- Step 7: Attach any other supporting crossbars or cord trays to the desktop. Then attach the power control unit.
- Step 8: Install the handset by aligning it with the two holes at the edge of the desktop. Again, if you have a custom top, you will need to measure and drill them yourself.
- Step 9: You may not want to put the drill away yet, as you may need it for installing a keyboard tray. If you’ve purchased a keyboard tray, make sure to read its own installation manual.
- Step 10: Plug the handset, leg motor cables, and power supply into the control unit. You can use cable guides to organize the cords.
Now that you’re done, just flip the desk over, plug your new workstation into the power outlet, and start working away!
Budget Standing Desk Base Frames
The latest addition to the line-up of now four DIY bases from iMovR, the new Studio 470 standing desk base is perfect for the compact workstation. It is also the lightest-weight base available for DIY applications. Precision manufactured by robots the base is surprisingly good for its $329 price tag, with uncommon UL 962 and ANSI/BIFMA X5.5-2014 certification and a decent warranty this base will find its way into many home offices but commercial applications as well, such as compact call center desks.
The Studio 470 is uncommonly simple to assemble because it is a no-frills base. The argument being if you’re looking to build a small desk just for yourself there’s no need for all the extra metal and fancy multi-user controls found on bigger bases. That keeps shipping cost down throughout the supply chain, as well. Comes in black, white and silver. Perfect for the small Manhattan apartment or office space.
Even before Autonomous launched their desk on Kickstarter, the pioneer in standing desk crowdfunding was StandDesk.co, offering the first desk under $400, at the time. The quality left a lot to be desired but the company persisted in making continuous improvements over next few years, releasing their new StandDesk Pro in 2017. While sharing a lot of characteristics with other Chinese bases it is not Jiecang-based, and it has some nice features not found on the others.
Perhaps the biggest distinction between StandDesk’s Pro base and its direct Chinese competitors is its ten year warranty on all components. Read our detailed review for all the lab test results but the bottom line is that the StandDesk Pro sits between the Autonomous and the Jiecang products in terms of price, but offers slightly better quality than the rest of the pack. Prices start at $399.99 for the StandDesk Pro desk with no top.
Price: $480 and up
The adjustable-height base frame most commonly used by low-cost standing desk desk manufacturers – including Ergoprise’s S2S, Fully Jarvis, Uplift 900 and the GeekDesk, to name but a few – is the Chinese-made Jiecang base. Unless you’re buying container loads, you can forget about contacting the manufacturer, but several of their OEM customers in the US sell the base standalone.
Fully sells a customized version of the Jarvis Standing Desk frame kit—with minor adaptations for claimed greater stability as compared to the stock product—for $445-$470 on Amazon. HumanSolution also sells their customized version of the UpLift Standing Desk frame kit for $449 on Amazon. Following is just a brief synopsis, and mind you that there will be slight variations between the different Jiecang resellers, mostly in the feet and in the hand controller design, as we discuss in the lab review.
Like the other bases we review here, the Jiecang can be set to varying widths, to accommodate tabletops from 48″ wide to 72″ or more. However, these bases become laterally unstable beyond 72″ width unless kept in the low to mid range of height adjustment, under 40″. Height adjustment range is from 23.75″ to 49.5″.
The Jiecang typically ships with a digital controller featuring four memory presets, but sometimes with just a simple two-button up/down controller, so look for this specification when shopping online.
As for reliability, the Jiecang bases have earned a reputation among OEM desk manufacturers we’ve spoken with for being less reliable in the field than the would like. New models do perform better but as you can read in our lab testing of the UpLift 900 standing desk frame, not by much. Warranty coverage varies by reseller. Jarvis’s and UpLift’s are the longest at 7 years. Offered in black, silver, white or “alloy” paint colors.
The bottom-dollar electric base out there is the Autonomous SmartDesk 2, which started out as a Kickstarter campaign. As we delved deeply into in our review, “you get what you pay for” with this product. While its low price is very attractive, its design cuts every cost corner possible, and leaves you with a shaky, weak, noisy and unreliable platform.
The Autonomous StandDesk DIY Kit is just their standard desk without the desktop, available in both Home Edition and Business Editions versions. The Home Edition is a single-motor, single-stage desk that’s weak as a kitten, slow, and exceedingly unreliable. We wouldn’t recommend it for any DIY standing desk. The Business Edition is minimally viable, with dual motors and dual-stage, a higher lift capacity, overload protection on the motors, and a crossbar for supporting wider desktops.
When building a desk that’s going to be at the very core of your daily work routine, why chance it? We recommend sticking with companies that have been around long enough for their warranties to actually mean something. But if you’re still keen on the Autonomous SmartDesk, definitely buy it through Amazon. Prices start at $324.
Price: $ 379
Premium Electric Standing Desk Base Frames
The Lander is not only the top-of-the-line in DIY bases, it’s the top-of-the-line in standing desks overall. When sold as a desk system with a desktop from iMovR it’s the only standing desk that ships factory pre-assembled, and as such iMovR didn’t originally plan to offer it as a DIY base. However, it’s other features like the high-tech, Bluetooth-enabled height controller that syncs to your smart phone had the DIYers banging down the doors and a few months later iMovR met the demand with this state-of-the-art DIY base frame kit.
In all aspects of performance the Lander is top-shelf: lift capacity of 365 lbs, transit speed of 1.6 inches per second, extraordinarily quiet dual precision motors, and a comfortable reach to accommodate the tallest users and the widest desks (easily 7 feet). Like the Freedom base, there’s an optional 6″ leg extension kit that gives this American-made base a top end height of 56″, making it the tallest-reaching desk on the market.
Building a desk with the Lander base kit couldn’t be easier, and will shave time off your project as compared to just about any other DIY base (see the video). But the sizzle is in the unique height-control paddle with its high-res display and Bluetooth sync with your smartphone. Not only can you set up to four height presets per user, but each user can also set preferences for the built in “health coach” to be reminded when it’s time to stand. This is particularly great for shared workstations where each user can carry their own preferences around in their phones and sync up in seconds when they return to the Lander-based desk.
Like iMovR’s other American-made bases the Lander comes with an industry-leading ten year warranty on all components. Available in black, white or silver.
The Freedom base is iMovR’s answer to low-cost Asian imports, leveraging design ingenuity and a great deal of investment in robotic manufacturing to combat the labor cost advantages China has. Now for only very slightly more than an Asian import you can get an American-made product with similar performance but built to last much longer, and backed by a 10-year warranty and domestic customer support.
Rather than cut corners on metal gauge, motor quality or electronic features, the Freedom’s ingenious design removes the plastic end caps that keep the tube segments from coming apart – parts that can wear down over time and leave you with a wobblier desk (and keep in mind these parts are not serviceable). Instead, the legs on the Freedom base have distinctive crimped corners on their down tubes. Like cars and all other things mechanical, no base will last forever. But the Freedom’s PerfectPaint™ coating on its legs are not only more resistant to scratches than other powder coat paint jobs but reduce friction as well, again lengthening the useful life of key components.
The digital controller has only two buttons—Up and Down—but these also store your preferred sitting and standing height. Another clever cost reduction (and size reduction of the svelte hand controller) by eliminating the extra buttons necessary for programming height presets on other models.
The Freedom comes in black, white, and silver color options. Transit speed is 1.5 ips, and the weight lift capacity is 265 lbs. The Freedom bases can support either 24″ or 30″ deep desktops, and can accommodate desktop widths of 48″ to 72″. iMovR uses the Freedom base in their Energize and Cascade desks systems, offering over 5,400 permutations of base size and color, and desktop shape, size and color, all off a single versatile base platform. Like all iMovR electric standing desks, the Freedom has optional leg extenders (adding 6″ of height) and caster wheels (adding another 2.5″ of height) for the vertically-endowed and for treadmill desk users. Standby power consumption is one of the lowest on the market at <0.1W.
Price: $474 - $549
As the name implies, the Vigor is a powerhouse—the strongest, and also one of the quietest and fastest bases made. While made in Asia, its Taiwanese heritage shows. This is no commodity Chinese base. It’s one of the only bases for DIY that offers both two-leg and three-leg versions, the latter ideal for making L desks. And it’s one of the few that’s available with either 24″ or 30″ feet.
The Vigor is rated to 180 lbs per leg at 1.7 inches per second travel speed (the demon in the pack on lifting speed) but will actually lift up to 490 lbs—that’s just with two legs. At higher weights, it will slow down a bit, and get ever so slightly noisier, though it’ll still be quieter than a Jiecang–even hefting up a granite countertop. While these bases are cantilevered, with the “C-leg” structure that you’d want for a standing desk, the T-leg version of the Vigor is what iMovR uses in its line of Synapse sit-stand conference tables, accommodating up to 14 people.
The Vigor is a 5-star-rated, heavy-duty electric base that comes with a 5-year warranty on all components, and is supported by iMovR in the US. This is the go-to base for heavy lifting applications, and with its long lifting stroke, 50″ top-end height range, and an adjustable width up to 75″, it also makes a superb choice for any treadmill desk application. Available in silver or black.
Price: $2-Leg: $684; 3-Leg: $984
IKEA standing desk products in general would never be categorized as “premium” but given the higher price of the Idasen Underframe and the fact that it is made in Scandinavia, not China, we couldn’t really put it into the same budget tier with the other imported bases. Be sure to read our detailed review of the IKEA Idasen Underframe Kit.
The Idasen is IKEA’s latest attempt at resuscitating their standing desk products after terminating the original Galant desk and suffering a horrendous reliability history with the IKEA Bekant Standing Desk. Besides being made with slightly higher grade components and a nicer hand controller featuring Bluetooth and a phone app to control your desk, the Idasen’s primary distinction is its styling, which is specifically intended to complement other Idasen collection furniture pieces. If you don’t own any such furniture you might want to move on to other base options because the bulging tubes styling and drab beige and dark gray color schemes are probably not going to match the rest of your decor as well as more conventional bases.
On the plus side the Idasen has a lot of metal in it, lowering its center of gravity and giving it better stability than the Bekant. On the minus side the leg design creates an obstruction for those who like to swivel their legs out when getting out of their chairs. But the biggest limitation of the Idasen base is its highly limited versatility when it comes to desktop size options. It’s really designed for a narrow range of tops, from no smaller than 47.5″ x 27.5″ to no larger than 63.5″ x 31.5″. And its wimpy 165 lb lift capacity (before adding the desktop weight) should strike fear in the heart of any DIY standing desk builder, as it’s likely to have only slight better reliability than the Bekant’s abysmal history, with its 150 lb capacity.
Like the Bekant, the Idasen comes with a ten year warranty but specifics of what is and isn’t covered in the warranty cannot be found anywhere on the IKEA site or in the documentation that comes with the product. While no one is likely to ever get pushback on a return or exchange of any IKEA product, it’s the hassle factor of dealing with the high rate of DOA and premature field failures of IKEA standing desks that the savvy consumer should think about. The product is new and user reviews haven’t been posted anywhere yes, so we recommend waiting to make sure it doesn’t wind up with the 1.8-star average rating on IKEA.com as it’s cousin, the Bekant, has enjoyed.
Like any IKEA furniture product, expect to spend a lot more time assembling the Idasen as compared to more pre-assembled options like the Freedom base.
Price: $449 plus shipping